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3 Different Types Of Diets For Diabetics

by:  in Category : Diet Care

13 September, 2011

Views : 170 views

3 Different Types Of Diets For DiabeticsDiabetes, or more scientifically diabetes mellitus is a type of metabolic disease in which the person suffers due to accumulation of excess sugar in their blood. Diabetes is also sometimes commonly referred to as “high blood sugar level”.

Diabetes generally occurs, when our body produces insufficient amount of insulin, a hormone, which is responsible for controlling fat and carbohydrate metabolism in our body. Insulin helps the liver, fat tissues and muscles to absorb glucose from the blood, and to store it in the form of glycogen.

But when our body cells fail to produce or fail to use insulin, the metabolism of converting glucose into glycogen stops. This results in increase of blood sugar level in our blood. And above that, if we keep on consuming foods rich in carbohydrates and sugar, the blood sugar level will rise up more.

So, to prevent this from happening, doctors usually suggest some kinds of diets, which a diabetic patient should regularly follow. And here in this article I have discussed about the type of foods to consume and avoid in diabetes.

Diets For Diabetes

Low Carbohydrate Diet

Low carbohydrate diet or low carb diet is a type of diet, which restricts the consumption of carbohydrates, to normalize the level of sugar in blood. This diet also helps obese people, to lose their weight. This diet suggest that foods, which are high in carbohydrate content, should be replaced with foods rich in proteins, and good fats.

You should eat foods rich in proteins like pulses, soybeans, fish, milk etc., and also foods, which are rich in good fats like meat, eggs, nuts, cheese, chicken, peanuts, shellfish, seeds and fish. Apart from these, fresh vegetables and berries are also allowed for diabetic patients.

The Exchange Scheme

This diet was formulated in the 1950s by the American Diabetes Association in association with the U.S Public Health Service. This diet allows people to choose in between foods, which have the same nutritional value of carbohydrate. For example, if you wish to consume sweets, then you have to cut the consumption of potatoes in that diet, and vice versa.

Hence, this diet is known as the exchange scheme. This diet was revised in 1976, 1986, and again in 1995.In spite of its effective characteristics, the exchange scheme is not very much used by dieticians to treat diabetic patients.

The Low Glycemic Index Diet

The low glycemic index diet was formulated by Dr. David J. Jenkins, who was a professor of nutrition, at the University of Toronto. He wrote this diet in his book the G.I diet, and over two million copies of the book were sold worldwide. Glycemic index or G.I is the speed with which carbohydrates are converted to glucose in our digestive system.

Foods, which are slowly digested, are considered to have a low glycemic index, while foods, which are digested quickly, have high G.I index. Foods which have a glycemic index lower than 55, are considered to be best for diabetic patients. So, foods such as oatmeal, grape juice, spaghetti, and all bran have low glycemic index, and are healthy options for diabetic patients.

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